The purpose of hospital education services in to enable students to continue their educational program while hospitalized. Depending on their health, hospitalized students should continue with an educational program as similar as possible to the program they would receive in school.
Although hospital teachers provide classroom assignments and instructional support for students confined to hospital, the classroom teacher maintains ongoing responsibility for coordinating the student’s educational program.
The District has established procedures to ensure that:
- all appropriate school assignments are provided to the student;
- the hospital teacher provides reports on student progress;
- regular contract is established among the hospital teacher, the regular classroom teacher and the parent;
- the hospital teacher has access to available school district resources (e.g. equipment, materials and curriculum guides);
- facilities appropriate to good learning conditions within the hospital setting are secured through agreement between the school district and the hospital administration; and
- records of referrals received and educational services rendered to hospitalized students are maintained and available at the district level.
Access to Hospital Education Services
Students eligible for education services within the hospital include those with medical conditions including injury, disease, surgery, pregnancy, or psychological disability. Before education services are provided to the student, authorization from the attending physician should be received. Instruction should be initiated as soon as the student’s medical condition permits.
The purpose of homebound education services is to enable students to continue their education program while absent from school for periods during the school year because of illness or related medical/psychiatric reasons.
Homebound education services provide students with an educational program as similar as possible to the program they would receive if attending school. Contact with the student will be on a regular basis and of sufficient duration that the student is able to maintain his/her educational program to the extent that the medical condition allows. Regular contact between the homebound program teacher, the principal, the classroom teacher(s) and the parents or guardians and access to all available school district resources is expected.
Teachers of homebound students provide direct instruction to students, but in most cases responsibility for long-term planning of the students’ educational program remains with the students’ classroom teacher(s) in collaboration with the homebound teacher and the school-based team.
It is essential that there be effective collaboration, consultations and coordination with all care givers if services for homebound students are to be effective. In some instance, when a student is experiencing psychiatric difficulties, homebound services may exacerbate the student’s difficulties. In these cases, alternative educational plans should be developed in collaboration with the community mental health team and other service providers as appropriate.
Districts should establish policies and procedures to:
- ensure direct instruction is provided to the student;
- outline a procedure for reporting student progress;
- outline the responsibilities of the parents, the principal, the classroom teacher, related school district and community personnel and homebound teachers while a student is on homebound instruction; and
- ensure collaboration, consultation and co-ordination with all caregivers (e.g. physician, mental health and social work personnel).
School boards are advised to address in their procedures issues such as parent or guardian presence in the home, service to students with communicable diseases and potentially unsafe conditions.
Access to Homebound Education Services
School districts are required to make available an educational program to all persons of school age who are resident in its district and who are enrolled in a school in the district. School district must maintain appropriate educational programs for students who are anticipated to be absent from school for extended periods of time. Instruction should be initiated as soon as possible. Authorization from the physician or public health nurse should be received prior to services being provided to students with health problems.
Students eligible for homebound services include:
- students who are absent from school for medical reasons such as injury, disease, surgery, pregnancy, psychological reasons, etc.; and
- students suspended by the board of school trustees under section 103 (c) of the School Act may be served in a homebound program.