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940 Industrial Road #1, Cranbrook, BC, V1C 4C6| 250.426.4201| Fax: 250.489.5460 Utility Links
School District 5
Southeast Kootenay
The Ministry of Education prescribes the learning outcomes for K-12 students through the provincial curriculum, which is divided into grade packages or subject areas. However, literacy is an essential skill upon which all other learning depends. All teachers, in all grades and subject areas, are teachers of literacy. They teach not only content knowledge but also ways of reading, writing, and oral expression specific to subject areas. Therefore, literacy is woven through all curriculums. This is evident in the draft BC curriculum documents, which are driven by cross-curricular core competencies around thinking, communication, and personal and social development.


Students experience greater success when there is a focus on reading, writing, and oral language development in pursuit of understanding across all subject areas. By integrating literacy learning, teachers provide a way into the increasingly complex texts that students encounter as they grow and progress. The Literacy Foundations curriculum provides the following examples of strategies that support literacy learning in all subject areas.


Ways to support the development of oral language skills:
  • assign roles for partner and small group discussion
  • teach, model, and reinforce appropriate speaking and listening behaviours
  • create a variety of situations for students to use oral language to express ideas (eg. speeches, storytelling, debates)
  • teach listening strategies to focus attention on identifying main purpose or theme in texts
 Ways to support the development of reading and viewing skills:
  • read and identify features of both informational and literary texts (ie. illustrations, glossary, table of contents)
  • identify purpose for reading and model inferring and using context to find meaning
  • demonstrate and teach use of graphic organizers
  • use and model a variety of reading strategies, including skimming, scanning, rereading, making predictions, and making connections
  • identify subject-specific vocabulary and generate activities to allow exposure and discussions around it
Ways to support the development of writing and representing skills:
  • model the writing process (generating ideas, identifying purpose and audience, developing and organizing ideas, drafting, revising, and editing)
  • teach subject-specific vocabulary for writing content
  • teach and model conventions of writing and subject-specific forms
  • demonstrate strategies to generate ideas, such as brainstorming, discussion, visualizing, and mapping